This article by Jennifer Ho, Professor of Asian American Studies, University of Colorado Boulder, appeared in Yahoo News on April 8, 2021:
Amid the disturbing rise in attacks on Asian Americans since March 2020 is a troubling category of these assaults: Black people are also attacking Asian Americans.
White people are the main perpetrators of anti-Asian racism. But in February 2021, a Black person pushed an elderly Asian man to the ground in San Francisco; the man later died from his injuries. In another video, from New York City on March 29, 2021, a Black person pushes and beats an Asian American woman on the sidewalk in front of a doorway while onlookers observe the attack, then close their door on the woman without intervening or providing aid.
As the current president of the Association for Asian American Studies and as an ethnic studies and critical race studies professor who specializes in Asian American culture, I wanted to address the climate of anti-Asian racism I was seeing at the start of the pandemic. So in April 2020, I created a PowerPoint slide deck about anti-Asian racism that my employer, the University of Colorado Boulder, turned into a website. That led to approximately 50 interviews, workshops, talks and panel presentations that I’ve done on anti-Asian racism, specifically in the time of COVID-19.
The point I’ve made through all of those experiences is that anti-Asian racism has the same source as anti-Black racism: white supremacy. So when a Black person attacks an Asian person, the encounter is fueled perhaps by racism, but very specifically by white supremacy. White supremacy does not require a white person to perpetuate it. […]
White supremacy is an ideology, a pattern of values and beliefs that are ingrained in nearly every system and institution in the U.S. It is a belief that to be white is to be human and invested with inalienable universal rights and that to be not-white means you are less than human – a disposable object for others to abuse and misuse.
The dehumanization of Asian people by U.S. society is driven by white supremacy and not by any Black person who may or may not hate Asians.
Professor Ho’s scholarly reasoning and conclusions are irrefutable in the context of critical race theory.
Now we know who the true culprits are during the looting, arson, violence, and property destruction of a typical Black Lives Matter protest. They’re white supremacists! They may look Black, but they’re internalized white racists at heart.
Consistent with the concepts of intersectionality and race as a social construct, they have hybrid identities of oppressed (Black) and oppressor (white supremacist).
What else could it be?
Internalized oppression – hatred, dislike, or disapproval of one’s own group.
Also called self-hatred, internalized oppression refers to acceptance by a minority of the norms of the dominant majority, negatively stereotyping one’s own group, acculturation, and assimilation. It can lead to the use of the oppressive techniques of the dominant majority on others of one’s own minority.
Although usually a phenomenon affecting minorities, internalized oppression can also occur within an oppressor group. A case in point is white guilt, when a white male develops a hatred of whites and maleness. The social outcome can be quite favorable if he rejects his white male hegemony and supremacy, sincerely apologizes to people of color, and struggles to make amends for their oppression by his race.
Internalized racism – hatred, dislike, or disapproval of one’s own minority race
Internalized racism can result in a feeling of racial inferiority, racist attitudes, and a desire to be more like the majority race.
Intersectionality – the conceptualization of multiple social identities coexisting in an individual, along with multiple synergistic oppressions.
For example, a victim of oppression can identify as poor, Black, homosexual, and female. These come together within the individual to form that individual’s composite social identity, which can then make her vulnerable to multiple forms of oppression intersecting as a system, each component of which is acting synergistically with the others.
An individual can also have multiple social identities that, rather than being synergistic, are in internal conflict. Such disparate subjectivities can result in a hybrid identity that is both oppressor and oppressed, e.g., a white (oppressor), affluent (oppressor), cisgender (oppressor), fat (oppressed), disabled (oppressed) female (oppressed).
Hybrid identity – in the context of intersectionality, more than one gender, sexual, racial, class, social, or cultural identity in a single individual.
Multiple subjectivities can result in an identity that is both oppressor and oppressed. Such a hybrid identity can cause internal conflict and compel an individual to make difficult choices, but it can also enable the person to appreciate both viewpoints in an area of conflict.
The double consciousness described by W. E. B. Dubois was clearly the result of his hybrid identity.
Double consciousness – the conflicted self-awareness experienced by oppressed minorities when looking at themselves from the viewpoint, values, and norms of the majority oppressor.
This concept originated with W.E.B. DuBois, a Black leader with a hybrid social identity, who drew from his own experience as biracial and raised by a white family.